In this paper, we investigate the orbital stability of periodic traveling waves for the Kawahara equation. We prove that the periodic traveling wave, under certain conditions, minimizes a convenient functional by using an adaptation of the method developed by Grillakis et al. [J. Funct. Anal. 74, 160–197 (1987)]. The required spectral properties to ensure the orbital stability are obtained by knowing the positiveness of the Fourier transform of the associated periodic wave established by Angulo and Natali [SIAM J. Math. Anal. 40, 1123–1151 (2008)].