Trauma and sports injuries of the elbow
This thesis deals with current issues in the management of trauma and sports injuries of the elbow. Common sports injuries of the elbow involve ruptures of the distal biceps tendon and the ulnar collateral ligament. We evaluated one of the current thoughts, that the height of the radial bicipital tuberosity plays a role in the occurrence of distal biceps tendon ruptures. Different kinds of refixation techniques and approaches for distal biceps tendon repair were compared. The results of ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction with triceps fascia autograft and interference screws were evaluated in a cohort of European athletes. The radial head is most frequently fractured after trauma of the elbow and may require operative fixation or replacement by prosthesis. This thesis contains the protocol of a RCT comparing open reduction and internal fixation with nonoperative management of partial articular stable fractures of the radial head. More comminuted fractures, and late posttraumatic issues of the radial head require replacement. Different kinds of radial head prosthesis were critically evaluated and compared.