Self-Assembled Reduced Graphene Oxide/Polyacrylamide Conductive Composite Films
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Substrate supported conductive thin films are prepared by the self-assembly of graphene oxide (GO) on a cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) layer followed by a subsequent chemical reduction. During self-assembly, the dispersed GO nanosheets with a negative zeta potential from solution are spontaneously assembled onto the positively charged CPAM adsorption layer. In addition, CPAM adsorption on the substrate is studied with an electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM), showing adsorption stabilization could be established in less than 150 s. The electrostatic interactions between GO and CPAM are investigated by changing the polarization potential with EQCM for the first time, and optimal conditions for facilitating self-assembly are determined. The self-assembled GO/CPAM films are further characterized by Raman spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. Importantly, reduced GO (R-GO)/CPAM composite films exhibiting a sheet resistance of 3.1 kΩ/sq can be obtained via in situ reduction in sodium borohydride for 20 min at room temperature. This provides a simple, highly effective, and green route to prepare conductive graphene-based composite thin films.
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