Developing a revised definition of the Bobath concept
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OBJECTIVE: This study was developed as a consensus-building exercise within the International Bobath Instructors Training Association (IBITA) to develop a revised definition of the Bobath concept. METHODS: A three-phase design utilizing (a) focus groups, (b) survey methods, and, (c) real-time Delphi. This paper details Phase 1 and 2. RESULTS: Forty IBITA members participated in five focus groups. Eight broad themes were developed from the focus groups from which the survey statements were developed. There was a high level of agreement on all nine survey statements identifying overarching constructs and on 12 of the 13 statements identifying unique aspects of Bobath clinical practice. Lower scores were attributed to lack of understanding of the term humanistic, Bobath clinical practice addressing multiple domains such as impairments, activities, and participation and limited agreement on the description of the term "placing." CONCLUSION: Focus groups and a web-based survey were successful in soliciting the opinions of IBITA members on themes and statements of importance for the development of a revised Bobath definition. The results of Phase 1 and 2 will inform Phase 3, a real-time Delphi, to gain consensus within IBITA on statements on which a revised Bobath definition is to be based.
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