Hip pain from femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can impair health-related quality of life (HRQL) but can be treated via hip arthroscopy techniques.
To systematically assess the HRQL outcomes after arthroscopic management of FAI.
Three online databases (EMBASE, PubMed, and Ovid [MEDLINE]) were searched for relevant literature from database inception until June 2018 and screened by 2 reviewers independently and in duplicate.
Level I to IV English studies that investigated HRQL outcomes after hip arthroscopy were included. Data for generic and hip-specific HRQL outcomes were collected. Mean differences were plotted in a forest plot when possible.
Level of Evidence:
A total of 29 studies were included for assessment. Of the 6476 patients (6959 hips), the mean age was 32 years (range 9-79 years) and 50.7% were female. Significant improvements were reported in all studies assessing generic HRQL outcomes, including the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (range of mean postoperative scores, 82.2-89.8), and EuroQOL-5D scores (range of mean postoperative scores, 0.74-0.87) between 12 and 24 months postoperatively. Significant improvements were similarly identified in the hip-specific HRQL outcomes scores, with the majority of studies also reporting improvement between 12 and 24 months postoperatively. Mean improvement in International Hip Outcome Tool–33 scores from preoperative values to postoperative values ranged from 22.7 to 43.2 ( I2 = 44%), for studies with follow-up between 12 and 24 months.
Hip arthroscopy can lead to significant improvement in generic and hip-specific HRQL outcomes at 12 to 24 months postoperatively in patients with FAI who do not have advanced hip osteoarthritis. Confirmatory, high-quality, prospective studies are warranted to compare this observed improvement with other treatment modalities for FAI and to determine long-term outcomes.