Human Immunoglobulin E (IgE) Binding to Heated and Glycated Ovalbumin and Ovomucoid before and after in Vitro Digestion
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This study focuses on the effect of heating and Maillard reaction (MR) on the in vitro digestibility and rabbit IgG- and human IgE-binding properties of ovalbumin (OVA) and ovomucoid (OM) to estimate the impact of processing on their allergenicity. With the human sera studied, heat treatment significantly reduced IgE binding to both OVA and OM, whereas MR reduced the IgE binding to OVA but increased IgE binding to OM. In contrast, heat treatment significantly favored OVA digestibility but glycation impaired it, and these treatments did not affect the digestibility of OM. The changes observed in the digestibility affected the immunogenicity of the digests accordingly, so that the higher the digestibility, the lower the antibody binding. Heat treatment and glycation by MR showed an influence on the potential allergenicity of the main egg white proteins that could be related to their resistance to denaturation and digestive enzymes.
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