Additional treatments, satisfaction, symptoms and quality of life in women 1 year after vaginal and abdominal pelvic organ prolapse repair
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OBJECTIVES: To evaluate additional treatments, symptoms, satisfaction and quality of life 1 year after vaginal and abdominal pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair. METHODS: Adult women enrolled in a prospective POP database were reviewed. Baseline and outcomes data 1 year after surgery were collected including the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) and mailed surveys. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Fisher's exact tests and t tests. RESULTS: Of 222 women, 147 (66%) had vaginal and 75 (34%) had abdominal repair. Vaginal group patients were older (64.1 vs. 59.7 years; p = 0.003), but other demographic characteristics did not differ. Vaginal group patients had lower baseline anterior and apical prolapse grades (anterior 2.7 vs. 3.1, p = 0.003; apical 2.1 vs. 3.1, p < 0.001). Baseline PFDI scores were similar. Scores improved significantly for both groups after 1 year, but 1-year PFDI scores were significantly higher in the vaginal group (45.6 vs. 32.6, p = 0.032). Scores were not different when adjusted for age and prolapse grade (p = 0.24). At 1 year, most patients in the vaginal and abdominal groups reported moderately/markedly improved overall symptoms (72/108 vs. 50/60, p = 0.030) and quality of life (89/101 vs. 54/59, p = 0.601). Most were satisfied with surgery (68/101 vs. 48/59, p = 0.067). Retreatment rates (pelvic floor physical therapy, medications, coping strategies, surgical procedures) were similar (34/109 vs. 15/62, p = 0.381). Vaginal mesh use did not affect additional treatments, patient satisfaction or symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Although symptoms improve and most women are satisfied with surgery, about one in four women have additional therapy in the first year after POP repair.
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