Clinical outcomes and childhood trauma in bipolar disorder: A community sample of young adults
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Childhood trauma is a complex experience, much reported by subjects with bipolar disorder. There are still few studies that assess its consequences in a community sample of bipolar in early stage. The aim of the present study is to assess the association between childhood trauma and clinical outcomes, including the global functioning, in a community sample of young adults with bipolar disorder. This is a cross-sectional study with a community sample of subjects with bipolar disorder, from 23 to 30 years old, with and without childhood trauma. The trauma experiences during childhood were assessed by Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). The functioning was assessed by Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST). Ninety subjects with bipolar disorder were included in the study (30 with childhood trauma and 60 without childhood trauma). Young adults with bipolar disorder and childhood trauma showed higher prevalence of current suicide risk, higher severity of depressive symptoms, and higher functioning impairment as compared to subjects with bipolar disorder without childhood trauma. The childhood trauma experiences appear to be an environmental risk factor for worse clinical outcomes and higher functional impairment.
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