Promoting Independent Mobility-related Physical ACTivity (IMPACT) in an inpatient stroke rehabilitation unit: a proof-of-concept evaluation of self-management intervention
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PURPOSE: To establish proof-of-concept of a novel rehabilitation self-management program that aims to optimize walking recovery after stroke through engaging patients in independent walking-related practice outside of supervised physiotherapy sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Independent Mobility-related Physical ACTivity (IMPACT) Program is a coach-supported intervention that uses self-management strategies to empower patients to engage in additional autonomous walking-related activities after stroke during and after inpatient rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to assess whether implementation of this intervention would be associated with targeted patient behaviors; goal setting, negotiation and completion of a walking-related practice plan outside of formal therapy sessions. Using a pre-intervention/post-intervention design, the Independent Mobility-related Physical Activity program was implemented with a convenience sample of 10 adults (mean age 62.3; SD 11.7 years) within an inpatient stroke rehabilitation unit (mean stroke onset 25.3 [SD 10.5] days). RESULTS: All participants were able to set a personal goal, negotiate an autonomous walking-related activity practice plan, and partially or completely adhere to that plan. Patients completed an average of 36 min/day of practice outside of supervised physiotherapy, practicing on weekdays and weekend days. All patients indicated that the Independent Mobility-related Physical Activity program helped them increase their activity, and indicated they would continue to practice walking-related activities beyond the coaching period. Implications for rehabilitation The IMPACT program is a feasible self-management strategy to facilitate walking-related practice outside of supervised therapy time during inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Patients were able to engage in goal-setting and practice plan development with support of a therapist-coach. Patients who are able to stand and walk with minimal assist were able to practice walking-related activities outside of formal therapy sessions. Therapists may benefit from specific training and support to adopt self-management strategies into practice.
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