Notch activation has been suggested to promote T cell development at the expense of B cell commitment at the level of a common lymphoid progenitor prior to B cell commitment. Here, we explored the possibility that Notch activation might be able to switch the fate of already committed B cell progenitors towards T cell development upon Notch activation. To address this we overexpressed constitutively activated Notch-3 (N3IC) in B cell progenitors purified from transgenic mice in which human CD25 is expressed under control of the λ5 promoter. Strikingly, whereas untransduced and control transduced B220+λ5+CD3− B cell progenitors gave rise exclusively to B cells, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells but no B cells were derived from N3IC-transduced cells when transplanted into sublethally irradiated NOD-SCID mice. Gene expression profiling demonstrated that untransduced B220+ λ5+CD3− B cell progenitors expressed λ5 and CD19 but not the T cell specific genes GATA-3, lck and pTα, whereas CD3+ T cells derived from N3IC-transduced B220+λ5+CD3−cells failed to express λ5 and CD19, but were positive for GATA-3, lck and pTα expression as well as a and b T cell rearrangement. Furthermore, DJ rearrangements were detected at very low levels in CD3+ cells isolated from normal non-transduced BM, but were more abundant in the N3IC-transduced CD3+ BM cells. Noteworthy, N3IC-transduced B220+λ5+CD3−CD19+ proB cell progenitors failed to generate B as well as T cells, whereas N3IC-transduced B220+λ5+CD3−CD19− pre-proB cells produced exclusively T cells, even when evaluated at low cell numbers. In conclusion Notch activation can switch committed B cell progenitors from a B cell to a T cell fate, but this plasticity is lost at the Pro-B cell stage, upon upregulation of CD19 expression.