Application of ICF conceptual framework in Osteoporosis
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Background: Osteoporosis (OP) is a metabolic bone disease defined by low bone strength and deterioration of bone tissue, which has wide clinical presentations. The World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) provides a common language, classification system, and conceptual framework to describe the consequences of health conditions in terms of body function and structure, activities and participation, environmental and personal factors. Objectives: The ICF conceptual framework was used, in this paper, to integrate OP research-based knowledge into clinical application using clinical vignettes. Results: Body functions and structures, activities and participation, environmental factors and personal factors are described, and the inter-connection among these factors is explored. The vignettes highlight the importance of different components of the ICF framework and to demonstrate how the ICF framework can capture individual differences in how disability can be experienced in OP. Conclusion: The ICF conceptual framework provides a holistic representation of disability by facilitating a critical appraisal of the health status of people with OP. The framework creates an awareness of the broad and multidimensional nature of OP on the health of individual patients, integrates dimensions of functioning, and highlights the complexity of the evaluation and management of OP.
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