Composition effect on thermophobicity of ternary mixtures: An enhanced molecular dynamics method
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Thermodiffusion or the Ludwig-Soret effect is known as the cross effect between the temperature gradient and induced separation of mixture species in multicomponent mixtures. The performance of the boundary driven non-equilibrium molecular dynamics enhanced heat exchange (eHEX) algorithm was validated by evaluating the sign and magnitude of the thermodiffusion process in methane/n-butane/n-dodecane (nC1-nC4-nC12) ternary mixtures. The eHEX algorithm consists of an extended version of the HEX algorithm with an improved energy conservation property. In addition to this, the transferable potentials for phase equilibria-united atom augmented force field was employed in all molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to accurately represent molecular interactions in the fluid. Our newly employed MD algorithm was capable to appropriately reflect the thermophobicity concept and the coupled effect of relative density and mole fraction of the mixture species on the thermodiffusion process. The separation ratio of the ternary mixture for five different compositions (at 333.15 K and 35 MPa) showed good agreement with experimental data and better accuracy in predicting the sign change of the intermediate component (nC4) as its concentration in the mixture increases, when compared to other MD models.
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