Behaviors Indicative of Pain in Brain-Injured Adult Patients With Different Levels of Consciousness in the Intensive Care Unit Journal Articles uri icon

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  • CONTEXT: Many brain-injured patients are unable to self-report their pain during their hospitalization in the intensive care unit (ICU), and existing behavioral pain scales may not be well suited. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe and compare behaviors in brain-injured patients with different levels of consciousness during nociceptive and nonnociceptive care procedures in the ICU and to examine interrater agreement of individual behaviors as well as discriminative and criterion validation of putative pain behaviors. METHODS: Brain-injured ICU patients were observed using a 40-item behavioral checklist before and during soft touch (i.e., nonnociceptive procedure), turning, and other care procedures (nociceptive) by pairs of trained raters. When possible, patients self-reported their pain on a 0-10 visual thermometer. Patients were classified into unconscious (Glasgow Coma Scale, 3


  • Gélinas, Céline
  • Boitor, Madalina
  • Puntillo, Kathleen A
  • Arbour, Caroline
  • Topolovec-Vranic, Jane
  • Cusimano, Michael D
  • Choinière, Manon
  • Streiner, David Lloyd

publication date

  • April 2019