Longitudinal trajectories of physical activity and walking performance by gross motor function classification system level for children with cerebral palsy Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Purpose: This study aims to present developmental trajectories for physical activity (PA) and walking performance for children with cerebral palsy (CP).Materials and methods: Seventy-nine children with CP, 39 (49%) female, Gross Motor Functional Classification System levels I-V, and mean age 91.3 months (+/-27.7 SD) participated. Participants in levels I-V wore the Actigraph to capture PA and children in levels I-II also wore a StepWatch (SW) (n = 43) to measure walking performance. Trajectories for average PA counts/minute and number of minutes of moderate to vigorous PA were generated for levels I, II, and III/IV/V (aggregate). Single leg strides/day and average strides faster than 30 strides/min trajectories were generated for levels I-II.Results: Participants did not display plateaus in PA or walking performance based on functional level. Children in all levels showed a decrease in amount and intensity of PA from 3.0 to 12 years old, with participants in level I demonstrating the steepest decline. Children in level I decreased slightly, and level II increased slightly in both walking performance measures from 3.0 to 12 years old.Conclusions: Longitudinal curves demonstrate variations in PA and walking performance by functional level and provide prognostic information as to what changes may be anticipated for children with CP.Implications for rehabilitationLongitudinal developmental trajectories for physical activity and walking performance for children with cerebral palsy across functional levels are documented.Trajectories have potential to support collaborative intervention planning between therapists and families relative to physical activity and walking performance.

authors

  • Bjornson, Kristie
  • Fiss, Alyssa
  • Avery, Lisa
  • Wentz, Erin
  • Kerfeld, Cheryl
  • Cicirello, Nancy
  • Hanna, Steven Edward

publication date

  • June 4, 2020