Characteristics and Management of Patients with Venous Thromboembolism: The GARFIELD-VTE Registry Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Background Management of venous thromboembolism (VTE), encompassing both deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), varies worldwide. Methods The Global Anticoagulant Registry in the FIELD – Venous Thromboembolism (GARFIELD-VTE) is a prospective, observational study of 10,685 patients with objectively diagnosed VTE recruited from May 2014 to January 2017 at 417 sites in 28 countries. All patients are followed for at least 3 years. We describe the baseline characteristics of the study population and their management within 30 days of diagnosis. Results The median age was 60.2 years; 50.4% were male; 61.7% had DVT and 38.3% had PE ± DVT; and 32.3% were obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2). The most common risk factors were surgery (12.5%), hospitalization (12.0%) and trauma to the lower limbs (7.8%). At the time of VTE diagnosis, 10.1% had active cancer and 5.7% were chronically immobilized. Treatment for VTE was anticoagulant (AC) therapy alone in 90.9% of patients; 5.1% received thrombolytic and/or surgical/mechanical therapy ± AC and 4.0% received no therapy. Pre-diagnosis, 12.8% received AC therapy alone and 0.2% received thrombolytic and/or surgical/mechanical therapy ± AC. After diagnosis, parenteral AC therapy alone was administered in 17.6% of patients, and it was followed by a direct oral AC (DOAC) in 16.4% or a vitamin K antagonist (VKA) in 26.8%. DOACs alone were prescribed to 32.3% of patients, while 5.9% received VKA alone. Conclusion The initial findings from this global registry highlight the heterogeneity in characteristics and management of VTE patients. Prospective follow-up will reveal the impact of this heterogeneity on outcomes.

authors

  • Ageno, Walter
  • Haas, Sylvia
  • Weitz, Jeffrey
  • Goldhaber, Samuel
  • Turpie, Alexander
  • Goto, Shinya
  • Angchaisuksiri, Pantep
  • Nielsen, Joern
  • Kayani, Gloria
  • Pieper, Karen
  • Schellong, Sebastian
  • Bounameaux, Henri
  • Mantovani, Lorenzo
  • Prandoni, Paolo
  • Kakkar, Ajay

publication date

  • February 2019