The burden of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia in the era of antibiotic resistance
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INTRODUCTION: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a significant global health problem and leading cause of death and hospitalization in both the US and abroad. Increasing macrolide resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae and other pathogens results in a greater disease burden, along with changing demographics and a higher preponderance of comorbid conditions. Areas covered: This review summarizes current data on the clinical and economic burden of CAP, with particular focus on community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP). Incidence, morbidity and mortality, and healthcare costs for the US and other regions of the world are among the topics covered. Major factors that are believed to be contributing to the increased impact of CABP, including antimicrobial resistance, the aging population, and the incidence of comorbidities are discussed, as well as unmet needs in current CABP management. Expert commentary: The clinical and economic burden of CABP is staggering, far-reaching, and expected to increase in the future as new antibiotic resistance mechanisms emerge and the world's population ages. Important measures must be initiated to stabilize and potentially decrease this burden. Urgent needs in CABP management include the development of new antimicrobials, adjuvant therapies, and rapid diagnostics.
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