Effect of ticlopidine on platelet aggregation, adherence to damaged vessels, thrombus formation and platelet survival
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Ticlopidine (100 mg/kg/day or 400 mg/kg/day) was administered to rats and rabbits for 48 hr before and during the experiments. Aggregation studies of twice-washed platelets resuspended in Tyrode solution containing apyrase and 0.35% albumin showed that inhibition by ticlopidine of aggregation induced by ADP, collagen, sodium arachidonate or thrombin persisted after resuspension, as did inhibition of the release of 14C-serotonin from prelabeled platelets. Thus the inhibitory effect of ticlopidine or its metabolite is not readily reversed. In both species, ticlopidine prolonged platelet survival when it had been shortened by the insertion of an indwelling aortic catheter, although only the higher dose was effective in rabbits. In this species, this dose also prolonged platelet survival in sham-operated animals. Ticlopidine did not have a significant effect on the clearance of rabbit platelets when their survival had been shortened by pretreatment with neuraminidase. Ticlopidine did not affect the number of 51Cr-labeled platelets that accumulated on the injured vessel wall in rats with indwelling aortic catheters or the amount of thrombus that formed around the catheters in the aortas of the rabbits. It also did not affect the accumulation of platelets in vivo on rabbit aortas de-endothelialized with a balloon catheter. Thus, although ticlopidine inhibited platelet aggregation and release and prolonged shortened platelet survival, it did not inhibit platelet adherence to the damaged wall or thrombosis caused by chronic arterial injury. It is evident that effects on platelet survival and thrombosis do not correlate. The reason for the prolongation of platelet survival is unknown.
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