Quantitative ultrasound of trapezius muscle involvement in myofascial pain: comparison of clinical and healthy population using texture analysis
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PURPOSE: Ultrasound is a non-invasive quantitative method to characterize sonographic textures of skeletal muscles. To date, there is no information available on the trapezius muscle. This study assessed the trapezius muscles of patients with myofascial pain compared with normal healthy participants. METHODS: The trapezius muscles of 15 healthy and 17 myofascial pain participants were assessed using B-mode ultrasound to obtain 120 images for healthy and 162 images from myofascial pain participants. Texture features such as blob area, count and local binary patterns (LBP) were calculated. Multi-feature classification and analysis were performed using principal component analysis (PCA) and MANOVA to determine whether there were statistical differences. RESULTS: We demonstrate the two principal components composed of a combination of LBP and blob parameters which explain 92.55% of the cumulative variance of our data set. In addition, blob characteristics were significantly different between healthy and myofascial pain participants. CONCLUSION: Our study provides evidence that texture analysis techniques can differentiate between healthy and myofascial pain affected trapezius muscles. Further research is necessary to evaluate the nature of these differences.