Effects of ovariectomy and estradiol replacement on naloxone induced LH secretion in the female rabbit Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The effects of an opioid antagonist, naloxone, on the secretion of gonadotrophins were investigated in the long term ovariectomized rabbit. In the intact and acutely ovariectomized rabbit (2 days p.o.) naloxone at 10 mg/kg induced an increase of 260-300% in LH secretion at 40 min post-injection. From days 33-66 post-surgery naloxone at 10 mg/kg caused significant elevations in LH release even when animals were treated with estradiol benzoate 24 h previously. By contrast, treatment with oestradiol benzoate 3 h before naloxone abolished the LH increase. An LH surge could be elicited in these rabbits with GnRH treatment. These studies indicated that long term ovariectomy in the female rabbit does not completely remove the opioid control of GnRH release and that the LH response to naloxone is influenced by circulating estradiol levels.

publication date

  • March 1988