Controlling solid-liquid interfacial energy anisotropy through the isotropic liquid Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • AbstractAlthough the anisotropy of the solid-liquid interfacial free energy for most alloy systems is very small, it plays a crucial role in the growth rate, morphology and crystallographic growth direction of dendrites. Previous work posited a dendrite orientation transition via compositional additions. In this work we examine experimentally the change in dendrite growth behaviour in the Al-Sm (Samarium) system as a function of solute concentration and study its interfacial properties using molecular dynamics simulations. We observe a dendrite growth direction which changes from $$\langle 100\rangle$$100 to $$\langle 110\rangle$$110 as Sm content increases. The observed change in dendrite orientation is consistent with the simulation results for the variation of the interfacial free energy anisotropy and thus provides definitive confirmation of a conjecture in previous works. In addition, our results provide physical insight into the atomic structural origin of the concentration dependent anisotropy, and deepen our fundamental understanding of solid-liquid interfaces in binary alloys.

publication date

  • December 2020