Pelvic congestion syndrome due to agenesis of the infrarenal inferior vena cava Academic Article uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • The inferior vena cava (IVC) is the main conduit of venous return to the right atrium from the lower extremities and abdominal organs. Agenesis of the IVC has an incidence of <1% in the general population [1], although it has been reported in the literature as occurring in up to 8.7% of the population [2]. Patients with absent IVC may present with symptoms of lower extremity venous insufficiency [6], idiopathic deep venous thrombosis [7], or pelvic congestion syndrome. To our knowledge there have only been a few cases reported in the literature of agenesis of the IVC associated with pelvic congestion syndrome [3,10,11]. We present another interesting case of pelvic congestion syndrome due to absent IVC.


  • Menezes, Terence
  • Haider, Ehsan
  • Al-Douri, Faten
  • El-Khodary, Mohamed
  • Al-Salmi, Ishaq

publication date

  • January 2019