Assessment of von Willebrand disease as a risk factor for primary postpartum haemorrhage Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • It is not clear whether von Willebrand disease (VWD) is associated with an increased risk of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). We assessed the effect of VWD on PPH in a case-control study. Logistic regression was used to test for differences in the odds of PPH in deliveries to women with and without VWD, before and after adjustment for known risk factors. A total of 62 deliveries in 33 women with VWD were compared with controls matched for age, year of delivery and parity. Primary PPH was observed in 12/62 (19.4%) deliveries in women with VWD and 16/124 (12.9%) controls. The unadjusted odds ratio (OR) for VWD as a risk factor for PPH was 1.62 (95% CI 0.75-3.49, P = 0.22). After adjustment for other risk factors for PPH, the OR for VWD as a risk factor for PPH was 1.31 (95% CI 0.48-3.60, P = 0.60). PPH was observed in 7/24 (29%) deliveries in women known prepregnancy to have VWD. The unadjusted odds for VWD as a risk factor for PPH in this group was significantly greater than the control group (OR 2.78 (95% CI 1.03-7.49) P = 0.043) and remained significant after adjusting for other significant risk factors (OR 3.41 (95% CI 1.07-10.9) P = 0.038). VWD in itself may not be a significant risk factor for PPH, however, women known to have VWD predelivery may represent an at risk sub-group.

publication date

  • July 2012