Differential contractile actions of reactive oxygen species on rat aorta: Selective activation of ATP receptor by H2O2
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This study aims to examine the effects of different reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the resting tension of endothelium-denuded rat aortic rings. In these preparations, H2O2 (30 microM) induced a fast and transient contraction, which could be abolished by pretreatment of catalase (800 U/ml), but not affected by superoxide anion scavenger, superoxide dismutase (SOD; 150 U/ml) or the hydroxyl free radical scavenger, DMSO/mannitol (each 3 mM). In contrast, pyrogallol, a putative superoxide anion donor, induced a biphasic contraction, which could be abolished by SOD, but not by catalase or DMSO/mannitol. Unlike H2O2 and pyrogallol, Vitamin C(VitC)/Fe2+ (each 100 microM), a commonly used hydroxyl radical-generating system, triggered a tonic contraction which could be prevented by DMSO/mannitol, but not by SOD or catalase. Interestingly, H2O2-induced contraction could be concentration-dependently (10-100 microM) inhibited by suramin and reactive blue-2 (RB-2), two widely used ATP receptor antagonists. On the other hand, suramin or RB-2, at concentration up to 100 microM, affected neither pyrogallol nor VitC/Fe2+-induced contraction. In conclusion, we showed for the first time that different ROS could contract rat aorta with different mechanisms of action, and H2O2 elicits a transient contraction probably as a result of the ATP receptor activation.
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