Feasibility and Effect of Aerobic Exercise for Lowering Depressive Symptoms Among Individuals With Traumatic Brain Injury Academic Article uri icon

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  • PURPOSE: : To establish the feasibility and effect of an aerobic exercise intervention on symptoms of depression among individuals with traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: : A pre-post single group. PARTICIPANTS: : our community dwelling participants (>11 months postinjury) with residual physical impairment recruited from an outpatient clinic. INTERVENTION: : 12-week aerobic exercise program. OUTCOME MEASURES: : The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression; aerobic capacity (cycle ergometer, heart rate at reference resistance, perceived exertion); Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and program perception (survey). ANALYSIS: : Descriptive statistics to depict change in outcome measure scores. Answers from the survey were collated and presented as summary statements. RESULTS: : All participants had fewer symptoms of depression, improved aerobic capacity and higher self esteem after the intervention. High satisfaction with the program was reported with no adverse effects. CONCLUSION: : The aerobic exercise program was feasible and effective for individuals with traumatic brain injury, leading to improved mood, cardiovascular fitness, and self-esteem. Future research is needed to determine the intensity, frequency, and duration required to reach and maintain improvement.


  • Schwandt, Marika
  • Harris, Jocelyn
  • Thomas, Scott
  • Keightley, Michelle
  • Snaiderman, Abe
  • Colantonio, Angela

publication date

  • 2012