Analysis, Sample Size, and Power for Estimating Incremental Net Health Benefit from Clinical Trial Data
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Stinnett and Mullahy recently introduced the concept of net health benefit as an alternative to cost-effectiveness ratios for the statistical analysis of patient-level data on the costs and health effects of competing interventions. Net health benefit addresses a number of problems associated with cost-effectiveness ratios by assuming a value for the willingness-to-pay for a unit of effectiveness. We extend the concept of net health benefit to demonstrate that standard statistical procedures can be used for the analysis, power, and sample size determinations of cost-effectiveness data. We also show that by varying the value of the willingness-to-pay, the point estimate and confidence interval for the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio can be determined. An example is provided.
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