An Evidence-Based Systematic Review of Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • An evidence-based systematic review of kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration consolidates the safety and efficacy data available in the scientific literature using a validated, reproducible grading rationale. This article includes written and statistical analysis of clinical trials, plus a compilation of expert opinion, folkloric precedent, history, pharmacology, kinetics/dynamics, interactions, adverse effects, toxicology, and dosing.

authors

  • Ulbricht, Catherine
  • Costa, Dawn
  • Dao, Julie
  • Isaac, Richard
  • Leblanc, Yvonne
  • Rhoades, Jenna
  • Windsor, Regina C

publication date

  • June 2013