Sorption and desorption experiments of Np on magnetite and hematite under aerobic and anaerobic conditions were carried out to investigate the possibility of reduction of Np(V) to Np(IV) at pH 4 to 8 within 7 days. The amount of sorbed Np on magnetite under anaerobic conditions was about 2 or 3 times greater than that under aerobic conditions. Furthermore, the results of desorption experiments indicated that the dominant sorption behavior of Np on magnetite under anaerobic conditions was quite different from that under aerobic conditions. The oxidation state of Np sorbed on the iron oxides was determined by extraction technique using 0.5 M TTA in xylene and 2.0 M HNO
Redox reaction between Np(V) and Fe(II) was also studied in homogeneous solution without solid to decide if Fe(II) ions released from magnetite into silution or Fe(II) on the solid cause the reduction. Only 6% of Np(V) was reduced by Fe(II) at pH=4 and 6 even after 7 days. According to this result, it was conjectured that the reduction of Np(V) to Np(IV) takes place not in the liquid phase by Fe(II) ion but on the surface of magnetite.