Patient-reported quality of life and biopsychosocial health outcomes in pediatric epilepsy: An update for healthcare providers
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In the 21st century, clinicians are expected to listen to, and understand their patients' views about, their conditions and the effects that these conditions have on their functioning, values, life goals, and welfare. The goals of this review are as follows: (i) to inform, update, and guide clinicians caring for children with epilepsy about developments in the content and new methods of research on patient-reported outcomes, quality of life, and functioning; and (ii) to discuss the value of using these concepts to explore the impact of diverse interventions that are implemented in daily practice. Drawing on the literature and our program of research over the past two decades, we focus on our current understanding of a variety of health concepts and recently acquired knowledge about their significance for the lives of patients and their families. We discuss the advantages of measuring patient-reported outcomes that tell us what is important to patients. We advise on what characteristics to look for when choosing a patient-reported measure, and the relevance of these considerations. In addition, we address gaps in research knowledge and the causes of confusion that have limited their use in our daily clinical practice.