Host Cell Factor-1 Interacts with and Antagonizes Transactivation by the Cell Cycle Regulatory Factor Miz-1
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Human host cell factor-1 (HCF-1) is essential for cell cycle progression and is required, in conjunction with the herpes simplex virus transactivator VP16, for induction of viral immediate-early gene expression. We show here that HCF-1 directly binds to the Myc-interacting protein Miz-1, a transcription factor that induces cell cycle arrest at G(1), in part by directly stimulating expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p15(INK4b). A domain encompassing amino acids 750-836, contained within a subregion of HCF-1 required for cell cycle progression, was sufficient to bind Miz-1. Conversely, HCF-1 interacted with two separate regions in Miz-1: the N-terminal POZ domain and a C-terminal domain (residues 637-803) previously shown to harbor determinants for interaction with c-Myc and the coactivator p300. The latter functioned as a potent transactivation domain when tethered to DNA, indicating that HCF-1 targets a transactivation function in Miz-1. HCF-1 or a Miz-1-binding fragment of HCF-1 repressed transactivation by Gal4-Miz-1 in transfection assays. Moreover, HCF-1 repressed Miz-1-mediated transactivation of a reporter gene linked to the p15(INK4b) promoter. Protein/protein interaction studies and transient transfection assays demonstrated that HCF-1 interferes with recruitment of p300 to Miz-1, similar to what has been reported with c-Myc. Our findings identify Miz-1 as a novel HCF-1-interacting partner and illustrate cross-talk between these two proteins that may be of consequence to their respective functions in gene regulation and their opposing effects on the cell cycle.
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