This randomized, prospective trial compares outcomes for patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease treated with mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (MOPP)/doxorubicin, bleomycin, and vinblastine (ABV) hybrid regimen or alternating MOPP/doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD).
Three hundred one patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease were randomized to receive MOPP/ ABV hybrid regimen or alternating MOPP/ABVD after stratification for prior treatment, B symptoms, and treatment center. Eligible patients were either previously untreated and found to have stage IIIB, IVA, or IVB disease or previously treated with wide-field irradiation. Responding patients received a minimum of eight cycles of chemotherapy. Those with residual disease in a localized region received irradiation between the sixth and seventh cycle of treatment.
Response rates to the two regimens were similar. Five-year overall survival rates were 81% and 83% for MOPP/ABV hybrid and alternating MOPP/ ABVD, respectively (P = .74; 95% confidence interval [CI] for the difference, -11% to 7%). Five-year failure-free survivals were 71% and 67% for MOPP/ABV hybrid and alternating MOPP/ABVD, respectively (P = .87; 95% CI for the difference, -9% to 17%). Significantly more episodes of febrile neutropenia and stomatitis were observed with the MOPP/ABV hybrid regimen; there was no significant difference in fatal toxicity. Patients with predefined, high-quality partial responses (PR-1s) had results similar to those with complete responses (CRs). Planned subset analysis showed no significant difference in outcome between the two arms of the trial for patients with newly diagnosed disease (5-year failure-free survival rates were 70% for MOPP/ABV hybrid and 59% for alternating MOPP/ABVD; P = .180), but superiority of alternating MOPP/ABVD for patients with prior irradiation (5-year failure-free survival 94% v 73%; P = .017).
MOPP/ABV hybrid and alternating MOPP/ABVD regimens are equally effective for patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease.