Semen predictors of in vitro fertilization and embryo cleavage
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In vitro fertilization treatment for male infertility is not very successful because fertilization is known to be affected by semen quality. Information on fertilizing ability may provide prognostic information for couples contemplating such treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify semen variables that would predict fertilization and embryo cleavage. Sperm was prepared by the swim-up method before insemination of oocytes obtained by laparoscopy after ovulation induction. Routine semen analysis and the hypoosmotic swelling test for assessment of sperm membrane integrity were performed on aliquots of prepared sperm. Logistic regression and receiver-operator characteristic curve analyses were performed to determine the overall best-fitting model and discriminatory level of variables that would predict cleavage. The results indicate that after the swim-up procedure, at least 10 million sperm/ml, capable of undergoing swelling in hypoosmotic medium, are necessary to increase the likelihood of in vitro fertilization and cleavage.
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