Impact of organizational interventions on reducing inappropriate intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) usage: A systematic review and meta-analysis
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BACKGROUND: With increasing global use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), there is interest in its appropriate usage. Efforts to regulate IVIG usage have primarily taken the form of organizational interventions implemented in hospitals to monitor and improve physician prescribing. Similar interventions have proven effective in reducing the inappropriate and total hospital usage of other blood products, but their efficacy on IVIG use is less understood. Thus, we performed a systematic review of studies reporting the change in inappropriate IVIG use following such interventions in hospitals or regions. METHODS: A systematic search was carried out using MEDLINE and EMBASE (1966-June 2016) for English language studies if they 1) were primary research, 2) described an organizational intervention to target plasma, IVIG, or albumin, and 3) reported appropriateness of usage and total usage preand post-intervention. Review Manager v5.0 was utilized to perform a random-effects meta-analysis on eligible IVIG studies, where the risk ratio (RR) of inappropriate IVIG transfusion comparing pre- and postintervention periods was calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Our search retrieved three retrospective cohort studies, where metaanalysis encompassing 2100 episodes of IVIG transfusion demonstrated no decrease in inappropriate IVIG use (RR 1.55, 95% CI 0.78-3.07). Heterogeneity between studies was considerable (I2 = 89%). CONCLUSION: Organizational interventions were ineffective at changing inappropriate IVIG use, but more high-quality studies describing the effects of these interventions are required before any conclusions can be drawn. Futureresearch efforts should also be directed at evolving evidence-based IVIGguidelines to improve patient safety and burdens on healthcare systems.
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