GRADE Leitlinien: 14. Von der Evidenz zur Empfehlung: Die Bedeutung und Darstellung von Empfehlungen Journal Articles uri icon

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  • This article describes the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to classifying the direction and strength of recommendations. The strength of a recommendation, separated into strong and weak, is defined as the extent to which one can be confident that the desirable effects of an intervention outweigh its undesirable effects. Alternative terms for a weak recommendation include conditional, discretionary, or qualified. The strength of a recommendation has specific implications for patients, the public, clinicians, and policy makers. Occasionally, guideline developers may choose to make "only-in-research" recommendations. Although panels may choose not to make recommendations, this choice leaves those looking for answers from guidelines without the guidance they are seeking. GRADE therefore encourages panels to, wherever possible, offer recommendations.


  • Kaminski-Hartenthaler, Angela
  • Meerpohl, Joerg J
  • Gartlehner, Gerald
  • Kien, Christina
  • Langer, Gero
  • Wipplinger, Jörg
  • Schunemann, Holger

publication date

  • 2014