Impact of Pulmonary Rehabilitation on Psychosocial Morbidity in Patients With Severe COPD Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) on psychosocial morbidity, functional exercise capacity, and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with severe COPD. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial with blinding of outcome assessment and data analysis. SETTING: A tertiary-care respiratory service. PATIENTS: Forty patients (mean age, 65 +/- 8 years [+/- SD]) with severe chronic flow limitation (FEV(1), 35 +/- 13%) without respiratory failure (Pao(2), 72 +/- 9 mm Hg; Paco(2), 42 +/- 5 mm Hg) were randomized either to a control group or to a PR group (PRG). INTERVENTIONS: Sixteen weeks of PR that included breathing retraining and exercise. MEASUREMENTS: At baseline and 16 weeks, we evaluated psychosocial morbidity using two questionnaires (the Millon Behavior Health Inventory [MBHI] and the Revised Symptom Checklist [SCL-90-R]) and measured 6-min walk distance (6WMD) and HRQL using the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ). RESULTS: We found differences in favor of the PRG in the following MBHI domains: introversive, forceful, and sensitive personality styles (all p

authors

  • Güell, Rosa
  • Resqueti, Vanesa
  • Sangenis, Mercedes
  • Morante, Fatima
  • Martorell, Bernardi
  • Casan, Pere
  • Guyatt, Gordon

publication date

  • April 2006

published in