Conservative management of neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis with coexisting thrombophilia
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: Neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) comprises approximately 50% of all pediatric-related CSVT. Although guidelines support anticoagulation in pediatric CSVT, the role of anticoagulation in neonatal CSVT remains controversial. This case report details the course of a neonate diagnosed with extensive CSVT and concurrent bilateral thalamic and intraventricular hemorrhage. Due to existing hemorrhage at the time of diagnosis, anticoagulation therapy was not administered. Despite coexisting protein C and antithrombin deficiency, CSVT resolved spontaneously, and neurodevelopmental follow-up after 13 years suggests a good prognosis. Although our case had a positive outcome, the association between the use of anticoagulation with concurrent hemorrhage and long-term outcome in neonatal CSVT has not been investigated in prospective studies to firmly guide optimum treatment. Current literature and guidelines for the treatment of neonatal CSVT are reviewed in this article. Until robust studies are available, expert opinion recommends anticoagulation in a stable neonate with CSVT.
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