Purification of bovine striatal dopamine D-2 receptor by affinity chromatography.
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Bovine striatal dopamine D-2 receptor has been purified approximately 2000-fold by affinity chromatography. The receptor, solubilized with cholic acid and sodium chloride, was adsorbed on haloperidol-linked Sepharose CL-6B and eluted with spiroperidol. The adsorption of receptor to the affinity matrix was biospecific as preincubation of the solubilized preparation with D-2 receptor agonists or antagonists blocked retention of receptor. The process also displayed stereoselectivity with respect to (+)- and (-)-butaclamol. Nondopaminergic agents such as mianserin and propranolol failed to exhibit any effect on the adsorption process. Elution of the receptor was also biospecific, as dopaminergic drugs were most effective (spiroperidol greater than haloperidol greater than dopamine) in eluting the bound receptor; whereas other agents, e.g. propranolol, mianserin, and acetic acid, were only slightly effective. One-cycle affinity purification resulted in a recovery of 12% of the original membrane-bound dopamine D-2 receptor with a specific activity of 169,600 fmol/mg of protein as assayed with [3H]spiroperidol binding. The order of potency of D-2 agonists (N-propylnorapomorphine greater than NO434 greater than apomorphine greater than dopamine) and antagonists (spiroperidol greater than (+)-butaclamol greater than domperidone) with the purified preparation was found to be similar to that of the solubilized dopamine D-2 receptor.