Reconstitution of affinity-purified dopamine D2 receptor binding activities by specific lipids
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The role of lipids in maintaining ligand binding properties of affinity-purified bovine striatal dopamine D2 receptor was investigated in detail. The receptor, purified on a haloperidol-linked Sepharose CL6B affinity column, exhibited low [3H]spiroperidol binding unless reconstituted with soybean phospholipids. In order to understand the role of individual phospholipids in maintaining the receptor binding activity, the purified preparation was reconstituted separately with individual phospholipids and assayed for [3H]spiroperidol binding. Except for phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, that respectively restored 30 and 20% binding as compared to that obtained with soybean lipids, reconstitution with other lipids had very little effect. When various combinations of phospholipids were used for reconstitution, a phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylserine mixture seemed to almost fully restore the receptor binding. A mixture of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine was as effective as phosphatidylcholine alone in reconstituting ligand binding; however, when phosphatidylserine was also included in the mixture, there was a pronounced increase in binding (about 2-fold compared to the soybean lipids and about 6-fold compared to the phosphatidylcholine-phosphatidylethanolamine mixture). Substitution of other phospholipids or cholesterol for phosphatidylserine in phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine mixture had little effect. Maximal reconstitution of [3H]spiroperidol binding was obtained with phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylserine mixture (2:2:1, w/w) at a concentration of 0.5 mg/ml. The reconstituted receptor exhibited high affinity binding for [3H]spiroperidol which was comparable to that obtained with membrane or solubilized preparations. Various dopaminergic antagonists and agonists showed appropriate order of potency for the reconstituted receptor. The presently described reconstitution data suggest a role of specific phospholipids in preserving the binding properties of dopamine D2 receptor and should prove useful in studies on functional reconstitution of the receptor.
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