Impact of the Adalimumab Patient Support Program's Care Coach Calls on Persistence and Adherence in Canada: An Observational Retrospective Cohort Study
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PURPOSE: Adalimumab (ADA) is a tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor indicated for use in various immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Patients receiving ADA in Canada are eligible to enroll in the AbbVie Care's Patient Support Program (PSP), which provides personalized services, including tailored interventions in the form of nurse-provided care coach calls (CCCs), with the goal of improving patients' experiences and outcomes. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of PSP services, including CCCs and patient characteristics, on persistence with and adherence to ADA for those patients enrolled in the PSP. A secondary objective was to estimate the effect of initial CCCs on treatment-initiation abandonment (ie, failure to initiate therapy after enrollment in the PSP). METHODS: An observational retrospective cohort study was conducted. A patient linkage algorithm based on probabilistic matching was developed to link the AbbVie Care PSP database to the QuintilesIMS longitudinal pharmacy transaction database. Patients who started ADA therapy between July 2010 and August 2014 were selected, and their prescriptions were evaluated for 12 months after the date of ADA start to calculate days until drug discontinuation, that is, the end of persistence, defined as >90 days without therapy. Cox proportional hazards modeling was used for estimating hazard ratios for the association between persistence and patient characteristics and each PSP service. Adherence, measured by medication possession ratio, was calculated, and multivariate logistic regression provided adjusted odds ratios for the relationship between being adherent (medication possession ratio ≥80%) and patient characteristics and each PSP service. Treatment-initiation abandonment among patients who received an initial CCC compared with those who did not was analyzed using the χ2 test. FINDINGS: Analysis of 10,857 linked patients yielded statistically significant differences in the hazard ratio of discontinuation and the likelihood of being adherent across multiple variables between patients who received CCCs in comparison to patients who did not. Patients receiving CCCs were found to have a 72% decreased risk for therapy discontinuation (hazard ratio = 0.282; P < 0.0001), and a greater likelihood of being adherent (odds ratio = 1.483; P < 0.0001), when compared with those patients who did not receive CCCs. The rate of treatment-initiation abandonment was significantly higher in patients who did not receive initial CCCs (P < 0.0001). IMPLICATIONS: Ongoing CCCs, provided by AbbVie Care PSP, were associated with greater patient persistence and adherence over the first 12 months of treatment, while initial CCCs were associated with a lower rate of treatment-initiation abandonment. Results may inform the planning of interventions aimed at improving treatment adherence and patient outcomes.
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