Outcome Analysis of Isolated Male Epispadias: Single Center Experience With 33 Cases
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PURPOSE: We review our results with isolated male epispadias repair, comparing the Cantwell-Ransley and Mitchell-Bagli procedures in regard to continence status and postoperative complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 33 patients presenting with isolated epispadias (glanular in 3, penile in 9, penopubic in 21) between 1994 and 2005. Of the 21 patients with penopubic epispadias Cantwell-Ransley repair was performed in 14 and Mitchell-Bagli repair was done in 7. RESULTS: Mean patient age at epispadias repair was 16.8 months (range 12 to 24) and 19.3 months (9 to 42) for the Cantwell-Ransley and Mitchell-Bagli operations, respectively. After epispadias repair in the Mitchell-Bagli group 4 of 6 patients (67%) became continent vs 0 of 13 in the Cantwell-Ransley group (p <0.01). Bladder neck repair was performed in 11 of 13 children (85%) who underwent a Cantwell-Ransley repair. Of these 11 boys 6 became continent. Hence, 3 of the 5 patients who failed the first bladder neck repair underwent a second bladder neck repair with augmentation cystoplasty to achieve dryness (dry more than 4 hours). The other 2 patients are on clean intermittent catheterization and have 2 to 4-hour dry intervals. After undergoing a Mitchell-Bagli epispadias repair 2 patients (33%) remained incontinent and went on to receive endoscopic injection of bulking agent to become dry. Mean followup was 70 months (range 10 to 120) for Mitchell-Bagli repair and 80 months (21 to 144) for Cantwell-Ransley repair. At last followup 13 of 17 children (76%) with penopubic epispadias were completely dry or had dry intervals greater than 4 hours. Among the 21 patients 10 (48%) had complications, of whom 8 were in the Cantwell-Ransley group (57%) and 2 were in the Mitchell-Bagli group (29%). CONCLUSIONS: Similar urinary continence rates can be achieved for male penopubic epispadias with both surgical techniques, at the expense of more bladder neck repairs following the Cantwell-Ransley procedure.
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