Content validation of the Patient-Reported Hamilton Inventory for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
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BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a perplexing neurological condition, and persons with CRPS experience substantial loss of daily roles and activities. A condition-specific measure is being developed to evaluate CRPS. PURPOSE: We describe the use of cognitive interviews to examine content validity of this patient-reported outcome measure for CRPS. METHOD: Interviews with 44 persons with CRPS were analyzed to identify problems with wording and support content validation. Item-total correlations were calculated for proposed subscales, and scores were plotted to consider floor/ceiling effects. FINDINGS: Interviews identified questions where respondents considered factors unrelated to the construct of interest or were underaddressed by the questionnaire, including depression and skin temperature. The symptoms, daily function, and coping/social impact scales demonstrated satisfactory correlations (Cronbach's alpha 0.76-0.86). Despite a sampling bias of severity, no frank floor/ceiling effects were noted. IMPLICATIONS: This study builds a foundation for continuing development and evaluation of the measurement properties of the Patient-Reported Hamilton Inventory for CRPS. It makes explicit the iterative decisions involved in rigorous instrument development.
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