Acute Plasma Volume Expansion in the Untrained Alters the Hormonal Response to Prolonged Moderate-Intensity Exercise
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To investigate the role of an increase in plasma volume (PV), characteristically observed with short-term endurance training, on the endocrine response to prolonged moderate intensity exercise, eight untrained males (VO2 peak = 3.52 +/- 0.12 l x min(-1)) performed 90 min of cycle ergometry at approximately 60% VO2peak both before (CON) and following (PVX) PV expansion. Acute PV expansion, which was accomplished using a solution of Dextran (6%) or Pentispan (10%) (6.7 ml kg(-1)), resulted in a calculated 15.8+/-2.2% increase (p<0.05) in PV. The prolonged exercise resulted in increases (p<0.05) in plasma vasopressin (AVP), plasma rennin activity (PRA), aldosterone (ALD), atrial naturetic peptide (alpha-ANP), and the catecholamines norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (EPI). PVX blunted the increases (p<0.05) in AVP, PRA, ALD, NE and EPI, during the exercise itself. The concentration of alpha-ANP was also lower (p<0.05) during exercise following PVX, an effect that could be attributed to the lower resting levels. No differences in osmolality was observed between conditions. These results demonstrate that PVX alters the fluid regulatory hormonal response in untrained subjects to moderate intensity dynamic exercise in a manner similar to that observed following short-term training induced alterations in PV. The specific mechanisms responsible for these alterations remain unclear, but appear to be related directly to the increase in PV.
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