The development of thromboembolism may increase the risk of osteonecrosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia
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Previous studies indicate pathophysiological and epidemiological parallels between osteonecrosis (ON) and thromboembolism (TE), two common treatment-related morbidities in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). To elucidate risk factors for ON and explore the relationship between ON and TE, we undertook a retrospective study of children (n = 208) with ALL. Twenty-one (10.1%) children developed ON and 42 (20.2%) TE on therapy. Thromboembolism was a significant predictor of ON on univariate (OR 8.85) and multivariate analysis, along with older age and PEGylated asparaginase. This observation supports a role for hypercoagulability in the pathogenesis of ON. Larger prospective studies are needed to further test these findings.
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