Efficacy of Secukinumab in the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis in the North American Subgroup of Patients: Pooled Analysis of Four Phase 3 Studies Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • INTRODUCTION: Demographic and disease characteristics may impact response to psoriasis therapies. The objective of this study is to explore the safety and efficacy profile of secukinumab in North American (NA) versus non-NA patients with moderate to severe psoriasis. METHODS: Data were pooled from four phase 3 studies of secukinumab. Secukinumab (300 and 150 mg) was administered at baseline, weeks 1, 2, and 3, then every 4 weeks from week 4 to 48. RESULTS: Peak efficacy was observed at week 16 in NA and non-NA patients with secukinumab 300 mg and secukinumab 150 mg, and disease clearance was maintained to week 52. At week 52 with secukinumab 300 mg, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) 90/100 response was achieved by 62.9%/37.9% of NA patients, respectively, and 70.2%/42.0% of non-NA patients, respectively. At week 52 with secukinumab 150 mg, PASI 90/100 response was achieved by 30.9%/17.5% of NA patients, respectively, and 53.9%/26.9% of non-NA patients, respectively. Response to secukinumab was rapid, and 50% reduction in mean PASI was achieved in both groups after 2.9 weeks with secukinumab 300 mg and 3.7 weeks with secukinumab 150 mg. CONCLUSION: Despite differences in baseline characteristics, the efficacy and safety of secukinumab were similar among NA and non-NA patients. FUNDING: Novartis Pharma AG. Plain language summary available for this article.

authors

  • Pariser, David
  • Frankel, Ellen
  • Schlessinger, Joel
  • Poulin, Yves
  • Vender, Ronald
  • Langley, Richard G
  • Meng, Xiangyi
  • Guana, Adriana
  • Nyirady, Judit

publication date

  • March 2018