Pentafluoro-oxotellurate(VI) Anions of Mercury(II); Syntheses and Structures of [Hg(OTeF5)4]2–, [Hg(OTeF5)5]3–, [Hg2(OTeF5)6]2–, [Hg(OTeF5)4]2–·Hg(OTeF5)2, and [Hg2(OTeF5)7]3–·Hg(OTeF5)2 Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Mercury(II) anions derived from the F5TeO- (teflate) group were synthesized and structurally characterized. The salts, [N(CH2CH3)4]2[Hg(OTeF5)4], [N(CH3)4]3[Hg(OTeF5)5], [N(CH2CH3)4]3[Hg(OTeF5)5], [N(CH3)4]2[Hg2(OTeF5)6], Cs2[Hg(OTeF5)4]·Hg(OTeF5)2, and {Cs3[Hg2(OTeF5)7]·Hg(OTeF5)2}·4SO2ClF, were obtained by reaction of Hg(OTeF5)2 with [M][OTeF5] (M = [N(CH3)4](+), [N(CH2CH3)4](+), Cs(+)) and were characterized by low-temperature single-crystal X-ray diffraction and low-temperature Raman spectroscopy. Unlike in the extensively fluorine-bridged solid-state structures of [HgF3](-) and [HgF4](2-), the less basic and more sterically demanding teflate ligands of the Hg(II) anions show less tendency to bridge. The anions exhibit a variety of structural motifs, ranging from well-isolated tetrahedral [Hg(OTeF5)4](2-) and square-pyramidal [Hg(OTeF5)5](3-) to the chain structures, [Hg2(OTeF5)6](2-) and [Hg2(OTeF5)7](3-)·Hg(OTeF5)2. The geometrical parameters and vibrational frequencies of [Hg(OTeF5)4](2-) (S4), [Hg(OTeF5)5](3-) (C1), and [Hg2(OTeF5)6](2-) (D2) anions, as well as the hypothetical [Hg3(OTeF5)8](2-) (C1) anion, were calculated using density functional theory methods (PBE1PBE/def2-TZVPP), which aided in the assignment of the Raman spectra of [Hg(OTeF5)4](2-), [Hg(OTeF5)5](3-), [Hg2(OTeF5)6](2-), and Cs2[Hg(OTeF5)4]·Hg(OTeF5)2. The calculated geometries were used to assess the effects of solid-state interionic interactions on the anion geometries. For the most part, the gross gas-phase trigonal bipyramidal (tbp) geometry of [Hg(OTeF5)5](3-) adheres to the predicted VSEPR geometry but contrasts with the solid-state anion structures, which have square-pyramidal geometries or geometries that lie between square pyramidal- and tbp-geometries. However, the bond length order calculated for the Hg-O bonds of tbp-[Hg(OTeF5)5](3-), Hg-Oeq > Hg-Oax, is opposite to that predicted by the VSEPR model of molecular geometry. Natural bond orbital analyses provided the associated Mayer bond orders, Mayer valencies, and natural population analysis charges.

publication date

  • February 16, 2015