Clinical outcomes according to ethnicity in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) treated with VEGF-targeted therapy (TT). Conference Paper uri icon

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abstract

  • e16065 Background: Discrepancies in clinical outcomes between different ethnic groups are well known in cancer patients. Differences in mRCC patients receiving VEGF-TT are less well characterized. We thought to report on baseline characteristics and treatment outcomes in African-Americans (AA) and Hispanic patients from the International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium (IMDC). Methods: Caucasians, AA and Hispanics with mRCC treated with 1stline VEGF-TT were identified from the IMDC. We created 2 matched cohorts: 1) AA vs. Caucasians and 2) Hispanics vs. Caucasians, both matched for age (<50; 50-59; 60-69; <70-year-old), gender, years of treatment (2003-07; 2008-12; 2013-16) and geography (Canada, USA, Europe). Weighted Cox and logistic regressions were used to compare OS, time-to-treatment failure (TTF) and best response, adjusted for nephrectomy status, IMDC risk groups, number of metastatic sites (1 v. >1) and histology (clear-cell vs. else). Results: 73 AA and 71 Hispanics met eligibility criteria and were matched with 1236 and 901 eligible Caucasians, respectively. AA had more non-clear cell histology (26% v. 11%), time from diagnosis to therapy<1 year (67% v. 55%) and anemia (75% v. 54%) vs. Caucasians. Differences were not significant for Hispanics. Clinical outcomes are presented in Table. Conclusions: Adjusted for clinical prognostic factors, Hispanics with mRCC have statistically shorter TTF and survival than Caucasians. AA had a trend toward shorter TTF (not significant) but similar survival than Caucasians. Underlying genetic/biological differences, along with potential cultural variations, may impact survival in Hispanic mRCC patients. [Table: see text]

authors

  • Bosse, Dominick
  • Xie, Wanling
  • Wells, Connor
  • Lalani, Aly-Khan
  • Donskov, Frede
  • Bent, Alisha
  • Sim, Hao-Wen
  • Beuselinck, Benoit
  • Bamias, Aristotelis
  • Porta, Camillo
  • Vaishampayan, Ulka N
  • Pal, Sumanta K
  • Agarwal, Neeraj
  • Srinivas, Sandy
  • Rini, Brian I
  • Alva, Ajjai Shivaram
  • Wood, Lori
  • Kapoor, Anil
  • Choueiri, Toni K
  • Heng, Daniel Yick Chin

publication date

  • May 20, 2017