Time domain adjoint sensitivity analysis of electromagnetic problems with nonlinear media
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In this paper, we propose a theory for wideband adjoint sensitivity analysis of problems with nonlinear media. We show that the sensitivities of the desired response with respect to all shape and material parameters are obtained through one extra adjoint simulation. Unlike linear problems, the system matrices of this adjoint simulation are time varying. Their values are determined during the original simulation. The proposed theory exploits the time-domain transmission line modeling (TLM) and provides an efficient AVM approach for sensitivity analysis of general time domain objective functions. The theory has been illustrated through a number of examples.
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