Polarization-controlled excitation of multilevel plasmonic nano-circuits using single silicon nanowire
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We propose a surface plasmon polarization-controlled beam splitter based on plasmonic slot waveguides (PSWs). It couples light of different polarizations from a silicon nanowire into multilevel plasmonic networks. Two orthogonal PSWs are utilized as the guiding waveguides for each polarization. The proposed structure overcomes inherent polarization limitation in plasmonic structures by providing multilevel optical signal processing. This ability of controlling polarization can be exploited to achieve 3-D multilevel plasmonic circuits and polarization controlled chip to chip channel. Our device is of a compact size and a wide band operation. The device utilizes both quasi-TE and quasi-TM polarizations to allow for increased optical processing capability. The crosstalk is minimal between the two polarizations propagating in two different levels. We achieve good transmission efficiency at a wavelength of 1.55 µm for different polarizations. We analyze and simulate the structure using the FDTD method. The proposed device can be utilized in integrated chips for optical signal processing and optical computations.
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