Model-Assisted Adaptive Recovery of Compressed Sensing with Imaging Applications
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In compressive sensing (CS), a challenge is to find a space in which the signal is sparse and, hence, faithfully recoverable. Since many natural signals such as images have locally varying statistics, the sparse space varies in time/spatial domain. As such, CS recovery should be conducted in locally adaptive signal-dependent spaces to counter the fact that the CS measurements are global and irrespective of signal structures. On the contrary, existing CS reconstruction methods use a fixed set of bases (e.g., wavelets, DCT, and gradient spaces) for the entirety of a signal. To rectify this problem, we propose a new framework for model-guided adaptive recovery of compressive sensing (MARX) and show how a 2-D piecewise autoregressive model can be integrated into the MARX framework to make CS recovery adaptive to spatially varying second order statistics of an image. In addition, MARX offers a mechanism of characterizing and exploiting structured sparsities of natural images, greatly restricting the CS solution space. Simulation results over a wide range of natural images show that the proposed MARX technique can improve the reconstruction quality of existing CS methods by 2-7 dB.
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