Using multiple trabecular micro-bypass stents in cataract patients to treat open-angle glaucoma Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of multiple trabecular micro-bypass stents combined with cataract surgery in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and cataract. SETTING: Private practice, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Comparative case series. METHODS: Eyes with OAG had implantation of 2 or 3 micro-bypass stents with concurrent cataract surgery and follow-up through 1 year. Efficacy measures were intraocular pressure (IOP) and topical ocular hypotensive medication use. Safety assessment included complications and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA). RESULTS: The study comprised 53 eyes (47 patients); 28 had implantation of 2 stents and 25 had implantation of 3 stents. The overall mean 1-year postoperative IOP was 14.3 mm Hg, which was significantly lower than preoperative IOP overall and in each group (P<.001). The target IOP was achieved in a significantly higher proportion of eyes at 1 year versus preoperatively (77% versus 43%; P<.001). Overall, 83% of eyes had a decrease in topical ocular hypotensive medication at 1 year from preoperatively, with a 74% decrease in the mean number of medications (from 2.7 to 0.7) at 1 year (P<.001). The 3-stent group was on significantly fewer medications than the 2-stent group at 1 year (0.4 versus 1.0; P=.04). CONCLUSIONS: Using multiple micro-bypass stents with concurrent cataract surgery led to a mean postoperative IOP of less than 15 mm Hg and allowed patients to achieve target pressure control with significantly fewer medications through 1 year. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: Dr. Ahmed is a consultant to Glaukos Corp. No other author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

authors

  • Belovay, Graham W
  • Naqi, Abdulla
  • Chan, Brian
  • Rateb, Mahmoud
  • Ahmed, Iqbal Ike K

publication date

  • November 2012