Reduction of nonlinear phase noise using optical phase conjugation in quasi-linear optical transmission systems
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An analytical expression for the variance of nonlinear phase noise for a quasi-linear system using the midpoint optical phase conjugation (OPC) is obtained. It is shown that the the system with OPC and dispersion inversion (DI) can exactly cancel the nonlinear phase noise up to the first order in nonlinear coefficient if the amplifier and the end point of the system are equidistant from the OPC. It is found that the nonlinear phase noise variance of the midpoint phase-conjugated optical transmission system with DI is smaller than that of the system without DI.
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